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朗阁GRE阅读逻辑题型答题方法举例介绍

时间:2017-10-10 17:15来源:江苏朗阁外语培训中心 作者:don
南京GRE阅读理解的难点在哪呢?今天我们来讲一下关于GRE阅读逻辑的一些信息,逻辑题是比较常见的GRE阅读题型,让我们来看看这类题该怎么解答吧,希望可以给大家带来帮助。 GRE逻辑

南京GRE阅读理解的难点在哪呢?今天我们来讲一下关于GRE阅读逻辑的一些信息,逻辑题是比较常见的GRE阅读题型,让我们来看看这类题该怎么解答吧,希望可以给大家带来帮助。

  GRE逻辑题的出题方式遵守着三大原则:第一点就是不依赖专业的背景知识。因为出题内容包罗万象,即使是题目中出现的主题是你所不熟悉的,你也可以根据题目中的内容做出回答;第二点是 which of the following 的考题形式。通常逻辑题会要求你根据GRE阅读理解文章里面的信息做推理,并在五个选项中找出最符合题意的一项,有时候选项并不能全面的解释题目中的信息,这就需要你经过推理,得出能够解释问题的选项;第三点是 if true题型。对于文章中的提出的主题是否具有现实性,我们不做评价,即使违反常识,我们也必须保证不能代入考试范围外的知识,来影响我们做出判断。

  GRE逻辑通常包含两种题型,一种是支持(support)一种是反对(weaken)。所谓支持就是说题目中给出的推理由于前提条件不足或者论证的证据不足而导致不能顺利的推出结论,因此需要另外一个内容作补充,使其能够顺利推出结论。相对的,反对题型所要求的内容是对段落的推理作用起到相反的作用。

  那么接下来,咱们一起来看一篇有关GRE阅读逻辑的例子吧!

  In the fields of Delano, California, in 1965, Luis Valdez started the Teatro Campesino (Farmworker’s Theater), and with it initiated the renaissance of Mexican American theater. The Teatro Campesino had an avowedly political purpose: to rally campesinos (farmworkers) in support of the farm workers’ strike then being organized by Cesar Chavez. Valdez’ dramatic presentations, called actos, spoke to a campesino audience and addressed topics and themes directly related to the strike. Valdez’ early actos were composed of a series of scenes about the strike experience acted by campesino volunteers. His later actos were presented by a newly constituted professional company, still called the Teatro Campesino, and addressed such themes as the impact of the Vietnam War on Mexican Americans and the dangers of assimilation, themes relevant to urban Mexican Americans as well as to campesinos. All Valdez’ actos contained elements of song and dance, relied little on stage effects or props, and featured the use of masks. These dramatic elements, along with an intensely social or political purpose and the use of a mixture of Spanish, English, and Mexican American dialects in the dialogues, which realistically capture the flavor of Mexican American conversation, are still characteristic both of the acto and of most other forms of Mexican American theater today.

  Innovative as it is, the acto owes much to the theater traditions of other periods and regions. Like early Spanish American religious dramas, secular folk dramas, and the Mexican carpas of a somewhat later period, actos are usually performed outdoors by traveling groups of players or by local theater groups. The improvised comic satire of the actos is often attributed to Valdez’ study of the Italian commedia dell’ arte of the sixteenth century, although some critics see it as a direct reflection of the comic and improvisational qualities of the more contemporary and local carpas of Mexican theater. The Italian influence is likely, whatever Valdez immediate source: the Mexican carpas themselves are said to have originated from the theater pieces of a sixteenth-century Spanish writer inspired by encounters with Italian commedia dell’ arte troupes on tour in Spain. The English-language theater has provided elements as well: Valdez himself has acknowledged his debt to the agitprop socialist theater that appeared in the United States during the 1920’s and 1930’s. In particular, his actos contain the same assortment of semiallegorical characters and the same blend of music, chorus, and dialogue found in some of the agitprop pieces, as well as the same fierce spirit of social and political critique. Finally, many of Valdez’ later theater pieces freely incorporate characters, plots and symbols drawn from the indigenous myths and rituals of the pre-Hispanic peoples of Latin America. In fact, no other art form illustrates more clearly the depth and complexity of the Mexican American heritage itself than does the acto of Luis Valdez and the Teatro Campesino.

  Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the author’s argument concerning the debt of the acto to the theater traditions of other periods and regions?

  (A) Many popular forms of theater rely heavily on improvisation.

  (B) Plays resembling the acto in structure were written in the 1970’s by West African playwrights who are interested in dramatizing the richness of their own cultures.

  (C) The use of masks has, at one time or another, been characteristic of the theater traditions of almost all cultures, even those most isolated from outside influences.

  (D) During a strike, it is common for union members to present musical skits dramatizing the values of solidarity and resistance.

  (E) Before 1965 Luis Valdez had attended many performances of traditional Mexican theater groups touring the western United States.

  针对于这种题型,首先分析一下是属于那种题型。题目的意思是“哪个选项支持了作者认为actos 喜剧借鉴了其他时期和地区的喜剧传统的观点”,通过对题目的了解,我们得知属于“weaken”题型,那么在进行分析。作者推理在第二段,actos剧和其他许多喜剧进行比较相像——比受其他戏剧影响。找一选项加大影响的可能性。因此进过分析,得出正确选项E,1965年前,Luis Valdez 参加了很多传统的墨西哥剧团在美国西部的演出。因此,他便有机会接受其影响。

(责任编辑:don)

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