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2017年10月5日雅思考试阅读回顾-南京朗阁

时间:2017-10-09 11:39来源:江苏朗阁外语培训中心 作者:don
2017 年10月5日雅思考试阅读回顾 P1广告与儿童饮食健康 P2 垃圾处理方式 P3 慢速和高速摄影 朗阁名师边晓菲点评 P1 广告与儿童饮食健康Food advertising on children Heading 7 + 判断6 参考答案:

 

2017年10月5日雅思考试阅读回顾

P1广告与儿童饮食健康

P2 垃圾处理方式

P3 慢速和高速摄影

朗阁名师边晓菲点评

P1 广告与儿童饮食健康Food advertising on children

Heading 7 + 判断6

参考答案:

1 viii 

2 ii 

3 vi 

4 v  

5 i 

6 x 

7 iii 

8 NO  

9 NO 

10 YES 

11 NOT GIVEN

12 YES 

13 NOT GIVEN 

 

文章参考:

 

This review was commissioned by the Food Standards Agency to examine the current research evidence on;

※the extent and nature of food promotion children

※the effect, if any, that this promotion has on their food knowledge, preferences and behaviour.

 

A. Children’s food promotion is dominated by television advertising, and the great majority of this promotes the so-called ‘Big Four’of pre-sugared breakfast cereals, soft-drinks, confectionary and savoury snacks. In the last ten years advertising for fast food outlets has rapidly increased. There is some evidence that the dominance of television has reinforces a need for multi-faceted communications combining television with merchandising, ‘tie-ins’and point of sale activity. The advertised diet contrasts sharply with that recommended by public health advisors, and themes of fun and fantasy or taste, rather than health and nutrition, are used to promote it to children. Meanwhile, the recommended diet gets little promotional support.

 

B. There is plenty of evidence that children notice and enjoy food promotion. However, establishing whether this actually influences them is a complex problem. The review tackled it by looking at studies that had examined possible effects on what children know about food, their food preferences, their actual food behaviour(both buying and eating),and their health outcomes(eg.obesity or cholesterol levels). The majority of studies examined food advertising , but a few examined other forms of food promotion. In terms of nutritional knowledge, food advertising seems to have little influence on children’s general perceptions of what constitutes a healthy diet, but, in certain contexts, it does have an effect on more specific types of nutritional knowledge. For example, seeing soft drink and cereal adverts reduced primary aged children’s ability to determine correctly whether or not certain products contained real fruit.

 

C. The review also found evidence that food promotion influences children’s food preferences and their purchase behaviour. A study of primary school children, for instance, found that exposure to advertising influenced which foods they claimed to like; and another showed that labeling and signage on a vending machine had an effect on what was bought by secondary school pupils. A number of studies have also shown that food advertising can influence what children eat. One, for example, showed that advertising influenced a primary class’s choice of daily snack at playtime.

 

D. Furthermore, two factors suggest that these findings actually downplay the effect that food promotion has on children. First, the literature focuses principally on television; the cumulative effect of this significantly greater. Second, the studies have looked at direct effects on individual children, and understate indirect influences. For example, promotion for fast food outlets may not only influence the child, but also encourage parents to take them for meals and reinforce the idea that this is a normal and desirable behaviour.

 

E. This does not amount to proof of an effect, but in our view does provide sufficient evidence to conclude that an effect exists. The debate should now shift to what action is needed, and specifically to how the power of commercial marketing can be used to bring about improvements in young people’s eating.

 

P2垃圾处理方式

原文及答案待补充

 

P3 慢速和高速摄影

原文及答案待补充

考试预测

1.   本场考试依然延续每次考试的基本趋势,总体来看中偏难,选择文章2新1旧。

2.   考生平常练习备考应有所侧重,尤其是基础题型,以判断+填空为代表,这部分在考试中往往占有较大的分值,且分数拿到手也并不是难事。同时,中档题大家请多注意从属关系配对,该题型从考试来说出题稳定,考生应争取尽量拿。针对难度较高的题型,如Heading和段落信息配对等,大家日常练习的同时一定要多思考,注意总结做题技巧,分析出题规律。

3.   下场考试的话题可能有关发明发展史、教育类、生物类。

4.   重点浏览15-16年机经。

 

(责任编辑:don)

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