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2018年2月1日雅思考试阅读回顾

时间:2018-02-05 14:55来源:江苏朗阁外语培训中心 作者:don
2018年2月1日雅思考试阅读回顾 P1 英国农业 P2 古埃及壁画 P3 科学交流 朗阁名师陆艺文点评 1. 本次考试难度中等偏上。 2. 整体分析:涉及农业(P1)历史(P2)及社会科学(P3) 3. 主要题

 

2018年2月1日雅思考试阅读回顾

P1 英国农业

P2 古埃及壁画

P3 科学交流

朗阁名师陆艺文点评

1. 本次考试难度中等偏上。

2. 整体分析:涉及农业(P1)历史(P2)及社会科学(P3)

3. 主要题型:延续今年考试的重点,主流题型依然为配对题;填空题;判断题。配对题出现在第2篇文章中,考察了段落细节配对与人名配对,本场考试没有出现heading题。

 

4. P1英国农业

答案及原文待补充

5. 古埃及壁画

答案及原文待补充

6. 科学交流

单选+判断+选项summary

参考答案:

 

27. A.

28. C

29. B

30. D

31.B

32. YES

33.NOT GIVEN

34. NOT GIVEN

35. NO

36.word choices

37.colloquial terminology

38.observer

39.invariant description

40. general relativity

 

参考文章:

communication in science

 

A

Science plays an increasingly significant role in people’s lives, making the faithful communication of scientific developments more important than ever.  Yet such communication is fraught with challenges that can easily distort discussions, leading to unnecessary confusion and misunderstandings.

 

B

Some problems stem from the esoteric nature of current research and the associated difficulty of finding sufficiently faithful terminology. Abstraction and complexity are not signs that a given scientific direction is wrong, as some commentators have suggested, but are instead a tribute to the success of human ingenuity in meeting the increasingly complex challenges that nature presents. They can, however, make communication more difficult. But many of the biggest challenges for science reporting arise because in areas of evolving research, scientists themselves often only partly understand the full implications of any particular advance or development. Since that dynamic applies to most of the scientific developments that directly affect people’s lives global warming, cancer research, diet studies—learning how to overcome it is critical to spurring a more informed scientific debate among the broader public.

C

Ambiguous word choices are the source of some misunderstandings. Scientists often employ colloquial terminology, which they then assign a specific  meaning that is impossible to fathom without proper training. The term ‘relativity’, for example, is intrinsically misleading. Many interpret the theory to mean that everything is relative and there are no absolutes. Yet although the measurements any observer makes depend on his coordinates and reference frame, the physical phenomena he measures have an invariant description that transcends that observer’s particular coordinates. Einstein’s theory of relativity is really about finding an invariant description of physical phenomena. True, Einstein agreed with the idea that his theory would have been better named “Invarianten theorie”. (【德】, 不变理论) But the term “relativity” was already entrenched at the time for him to change.

 

D

“The uncertainty principle” is another frequently abused term. It is sometimes interpreted as a limitation on observers and their ability to make measurements.

 

E

But it is not about intrinsic limitations on any one particular measurement; it is about the inability to precisely measure particular pairs of quantities simultaneously? The first interpretation is perhaps more engaging from a philosophical or political perspective. It’s just not what the science is about.

 

F

Even the word “theory” can be a problem. Unlike most people, who use the word to describe a passing conjecture that they often regard as suspect, physicists have very specific ideas in mind when they talk about theories. For physicists, theories entail a definite physical framework embodied in a set of fundamental assumptions about the world that lead to a specific set of equations and predictions—ones that are borne out by successful predictions. Theories aren’t necessarily shown to be corrector complete immediately. Even Einstein took the better part of a decade to develop the correct version of his theory of general relativity. But eventually both the ideas and the measurements settle down and theories are either proven correct, abandoned or absorbed into other, more encompassing theories.

 

G

“Global warming” is another example of problematic terminology. Climatologists predict more drastic fluctuations in temperature and rainfall— not necessarily that every place will be warmer. The name sometimes subverts the debate, since it lets people argue that their winter was worse, so how could there be global warming? Clearly “global climate change” would have been a better name. But not all problems stem solely from poor word choices. Some stem from the intrinsically complex nature of much of modern science. Science sometimes transcends this limitation: remarkably, chemists were able to detail the precise chemical processes involved in the destruction of the ozone layer, making the evidence that chlorofluorocarbon gases (Freon, for example) were destroying the ozone layer indisputable.

 

H

A better understanding of the mathematical significance of results and less insistence on a simple story would help to clarify many scientific discussions. For several months, Harvard was tortured months, Harvard was tortured by empty debates over the relative intrinsic scientific abilities of men and women. One of the more amusing aspects of the discussion was that those who believed in the differences and those who didn’t used the same evidence about gender-specific special ability. How could that be? The answer is that the data shows no substantial effects. Social factors might account for these tiny differences, which in any case have an unclear connection to scientific ability. Not much of a headline when phrased that way, is it? Each type of science has its own source of complexity and potential for miscommunication. Yet there are steps we can take to improve public understanding in all cases. The first would be to inculcate greater understanding and acceptance of indirect scientific evidence. The information from an unmanned space mission is no less legitimate than the information from one in which people are on board.

 

J

But most important, people have to recognize that science can be complex. If we accept only simple stories, the description will necessarily be distorted. When advances are subtle or complicated, scientists should be willing to go the extra distance to give proper explanations and the public should be more patient about the truth. Even so, some difficulties are unavoidable. Most developments reflect work in progress, so the story is complex because no one yet knows the big picture.

 

考试预测

1.        本场考试依然延续每次考试的基本趋势,三大主流题型为主。而且三篇文章的题目整体难度依次递增,重点关注三大主流题型及其题目的综合解题方法。需要注意最近考试的重点题型配对题,尤其是段落细节配对题。本场考试中没有Heading题,难度中等。

2.        下场考试的话题可能有关科技类、自然环境类。

3.        重点浏览16-17年机经。

 

 

(责任编辑:don)

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