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2019年1月5日雅思阅读考题回顾

时间:2019-01-08 11:36来源:朗阁小编作者:kid
朗阁小编今天给大家介绍的是2019年1月5日雅思阅读考题回顾,希望对各位同学们有所帮助。

  朗阁小编今天给大家介绍的是2019年1月5日雅思阅读考题回顾,希望对各位同学们有所帮助。

  P1 Coral reef fish

  P2 企业社会责任 (旧题)

  P3 政府运用network的应用和好处

  朗阁讲师边晓菲点评:

  1. 本次考试难度较易。

  2. 整体分析:涉及生物类(P1)、 商务类(P2)与社科类(P3)

  3. 主要题型:本次考试难度适中。主要考察配对题(8题),填空题(12题),判断题(8题),和heading题(7题)以及选择题(5题)。本次考试P1虽然涉及生物专业词汇,但文章总体语言难度不大,学生普遍认为得分较为容易。另外P2有heading题,并且出题量较大,相对耗时较长,学生做题时应注意时间分配。

  4. P1 Coral reef fish

  文章大意:讲了reef fish 从小鱼到成年鱼的进化过程,以及哪种鱼才是predator 的捕食目标, 珊瑚鱼的体型特征与猎取之间的关系。例如动物的大小, 动物的行走速度, 视力等因素都对这个动物能否逃离被捕猎的危险有影响, 有的科学家提出越大越不容易被吃掉的假设: 体型大是更好的(hypothesis), 然后针对这种假设展开了讨论:是否体型越大就越在各方面机能更具优势

  题型搭配: 判断 4 + 填空 5 + 配对4

  参考答案:

  1. F

  2. T

  3. F

  4. NG

  5. mouth size

  6. medium size

  7. 待补充

  8. laboratory

  9. new moon

  10-13 待补充

  原文待补充

  5. P2企业社会责任(CSR)

  文章大意:本文主要讲述了企业在社会中发挥的作用。

  题型搭配:Heading 7 + 填空 2 + 配对4

  参考答案

  14. V

  15. viii

  16. iv

  17. vii

  18. iii

  19. i

  20. ii

  21. equal opportunity

  22. internal costs

  23. C

  24. C

  25. A

  26. B

  参考文章:

  Corporate Social Responsibility

  The moral appeal---arguing that companies have a duty to be good citizens and to “do the right thing”---is prominent in the goal of Business for Social Responsibility, the leading nonprofit CSR business association in the United States.

  A

  An excellent definition was developed in the 1980s ‘‘Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” The notion of license to operate derives from the fact that every company needs tacit or explicit permission from governments, communities, and numerous other stakeholders to do business. Finally, reputation is used by many companies to justify CSR initiatives on the grounds that they will improve a company’s image, strengthen its brand, enliven morale, and even raise the Value of its stock.

  B

  To advance CSR, we must root it in a broad understanding of the interrelationship between a corporation and society. To say broadly that business and society need each other might seem like a cliché, but it is also the basic truth that will pull companies out of the muddle that their current corporate-responsibility thinking has created. Successful corporations need a healthy society. Education, health care, and equal opportunity are essential to a productive workforce. Safe products and working conditions not only attract customers but lower the internal costs of accidents. Efficient utilization of land, water, energy, and other natural resources makes business more productive. Good government, the rule of Jaw, and property rights are essential for efficiency and innovation. Any business that pursues its ends at the expense of the society in which it operates will find its success to be illusory and ultimately temporary. At the same time, a health society needs successful companies. No social program can rival the business sector when

  it comes to creating the jobs, wealth, and innovation that improve standards of living and social conditions over time.

  C

  A company’s impact on society also changes over time, as social standards evolve and science progresses. Asbestos, now understood as a serious health risk, was thought to be safe in the early 1900s, given the scientific knowledge then available. Evidence of its risks gradually mounted for more than 50 years before any company was held liable for the harms it can cause. Many firms that failed to anticipate the consequences of this evolving body of research have been bankrupt by the results. No longer can companies be content to monitor only the obvious social impacts of today. Without a careful process for identifying evolving social effects of tomorrow, firms may risk their very survival.

  D

  No business can solve all of society’s problems or bear the cost of doing so. Instead, each company must select issues that intersect with its particular business. Corporations are not responsible for all the world's problems, nor do they have the resources to solve them all. Each company can identify the particular set of societal problems that it is best equipped to help resolve and from which it can gain the greatest competitive benefit. Addressing social issues by creating shared value will lead to self-sustaining solutions that do not depend on private or government subsidies. When a well-run business applies its vast resources, expertise, and management talent to problems that it understands and in which it has a stake, it can have a greater impact on social good than any other institution or philanthropic organization.

  E

  The best corporate citizenship initiatives involve far more than writing a check: they specify clear, measurable goals and track results over time. A good example is GE’s program to adopt under performing public high schools near several of its major U.S. Facilities. The company contributes between $250, 000 and $1 million over a five-year period to each school and makes

  in-kind donations as well GE managers and employees take an active role by working with school administrators to assess needs and mentor or tutor students. The graduation rate of these schools almost doubled during this time period. Effective corporate citizenship initiatives such as this one create goodwill and improve relations with local governments and other important

  constituencies. What’s more, GE’s employees feel great pride in their participation. Their effect is inherently limited though. No matter how beneficial the program is, it remains incidental to the company's business, and the direct effect on GE’s recruiting and retention is modest.

  F

  Microsoft is a good example of a shared-value opportunity arising from investments in context. The shortage of information technology workers is a significant constraint on Microsoft’s growth, currently, there are more than 450,000 unfilled IT positions in the United States alone. Community colleges, representing 45% of all U.S . Undergraduates, could be a major solution. Microsoft recognizes, however, that community colleges face special challenges: IT curricula are not standardized, technology used in classrooms is often outdated, and there are no systematic professional development programs to keep faculty up to date. In addition to contributing money and products, Microsoft sent employee volunteers to colleges to assess needs, contribute to curriculum development, and create faculty development institutes. Note that in this case, volunteers and assigned staff were able to use their core professional skills to address a social need, a far cry from typical volunteer programs. Microsoft has achieved results that have benefited many communities while having a direct-and potentially significant-impact on the company.

  G

  At the heart of any strategy is a unique value proposition: a set of needs a company can meet for its chosen customers that others cannot. The most strategic CSR occurs when a company adds a social dimension to its value proposition, making social impact integral to the overall strategy Consider Whole Foods Market, whose value proposition is to sell organic, natural, and healthy food products to customers who are passionate about food and the environment. Whole Foods’ commitment to natural and environmentally friendly operating practices extends well beyond sourcing. Stores are constructed using a minimum of virgin raw materials. Recently, the company

  purchased renewable wind energy credits equal to 100% of its electricity use in all of its stores and facilities, the only Fortune 500 Company to offset its electricity consumption entirely. Spoiled produce and biodegradable waste are trucked to regional centers for composting. Whole Foods’ vehicles are being converted to run on biofuels. Even the cleaning products used in its stores are

  environmentally friendly. And through its philanthropy, the company has created the Animal Compassion Foundation to develop more natural and humane ways of raising farm animals. In short, nearly every aspect of the company’s value chain reinforces the social dimensions of its value proposition, distinguishing Whole Foods from its competitors.

  6. P3 政府运用network的应用和好处

  文章大意:政府可以利用social network作为工具来制定出有助于解决社会问题的一些policies

  选择 5 + 判断 4 + 填空 5

  参考答案

  27-40 待补充

  原文待补充

  考试预测:

  1. 本次考试三篇文章题型搭配和题量总体与以往考试趋势一致。 作为今年的首场考试,难度并不算特别突出,大部分同学认为发挥正常。学生考前应该多多复习巩固老师课堂中所提及的重点题型,以及典型的题型组合形式。如有余力,考前可适当使用9分达人进行练习,机经内容也可稍作浏览。

  2. 下场考试,大家依然要注意的是三大主流必考题型:填空,判断,配对。除此之外,选择题也不可忽略。

  3. 下场考试的话题可能有关历史类、自然科学类,心理类等。

  4. 重点浏览12-16年机经。

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