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2019年10月19日雅思阅读考题回顾

时间:2019-10-25 10:38来源:朗阁小编作者:南京朗阁
2019年10月19日雅思阅读考题已经整理出来了,跟着朗阁小编一起来回顾一下本场雅思考试都有哪些题目吧。 P1 青少年的青春期 P2 蜜蜂和花 P3传统的历史教学和多媒体历史教学的冲突 朗

  2019年10月19日雅思阅读考题已经整理出来了,跟着朗阁小编一起来回顾一下本场雅思考试都有哪些题目吧。

  P1 青少年的青春期

  P2 蜜蜂和花

  P3传统的历史教学和多媒体历史教学的冲突

  朗阁教师樊天惠点评

  1. 本次考试难度偏难。

  2. 整体分析:涉及社会类(P1)、生物类(P2)、教育类(P3)。

  今天雅思阅读又上热搜了,一般来说配对题多场次的大家都觉得难,10月的前两场都没有考到段落信息匹配,上周预测我说这周肯定会考,果然一考考8题,在同一篇文章里,给考生带来的心理压力太大了。上周同时也说到要注意句首句尾配对,这周考了5题。还出现了现在每个月都会出的分类匹配,总共19题配对,令很多考生绝望。但是要老师说,考雅思又不是掷硬币,就等着自己碰上简单场,这概率得多小啊,还是不能抱有侥幸心理,每一种题型都好好准备才是正途。

  3. 主要题型: 配对(19),判断(8),填空,选择。

  本场考试的后两篇文章考生回忆的并不是很多,所以填空和选择的题数并不确定,但是都在正常范围内。可以看出本场的考察重点就是配对,由于前两场都考了list of heading及大量单选,本场对于主旨题的考察只有第二篇中的选文章标题的单选。其余全部是细节题。最后一篇文章是段落细节匹配+判断的经典组合,时间不充裕的考生应当优先做判断,后做段匹。

  4. 部分答案及参考文章:

  Passage 1:青少年的青春期

  题型:分类匹配5+句首句尾配对5+判断3

  参考文章:

  A The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes three stages of adolescence. These are early, middle and late adolescence, and each has its own developmental tasks. Teenagers move through these tasks at their own speed depending on their physical development and hormone levels. Although these stages are common to all teenagers, each child will go through them in her own highly individual ways.

  B During the early years young people make the first attempts to leave the dependent, secure role of a child and to establish themselves as unique individuals, independent of their parents. Early adolescence is marked by rapid physical growth and maturation. The focus of adolescents’ self-concepts are thus often on their physical self and their evaluation ( n. 评估)of their physical acceptability. Early adolescence is also a period of intense conformity to peers.‘ Getting along,’ not being different, and being accepted seem somehow pressing to the early adolescent. The worst possibility, from the view of the early adolescent, is to be seen by peers as‘ different’.

  C Middle adolescence is marked by the emergence of new thinking skills. The intellectual world of the young person is suddenly greatly expanded. Their concerns about peers are more directed toward their opposite sexed peers. It is also during this period that the move to establish (v. 建立)psychological independence from one’s parents accelerates. Delinquency behavior may emerge since parental views are no longer seen as absolutely correct by adolescents. Despite some delinquent behavior, middle adolescence is a period during which young people are oriented toward what is right and proper. They are developing a sense of behavioral maturity and learning to control their impulsiveness (n. 冲动).

  D Late adolescence is marked be the final preparations for adult roles. The developmental demands of late adolescence often extend into the period that we think of as young adulthood. Late adolescents attempt to crystallize their vocational goals and to establish sense of personal identity. Their needs for peer approval are diminished and they are largely psychologically independent from their parents. The shift to adulthood is nearly complete.

  E Some years ago, Professor Robert Havighurst of the University of Chicago proposed that stages in human development can best be thought of in terms of the developmental tasks that are part of the normal transition (n. 过渡).He identified eleven developmental tasks associated with the adolescent transition. One developmental task an adolescent needs to achieve is to adjust to a new physical (adj. 身体的、物理的)sense of self. At no other time since birth does an individual undergo such rapid and profound physical changes as during early adolescence. Puberty is marked by sudden rapid growth in height and weight. Also, the young person experiences the emergence (n. 出现)and accentuation of those physical traits (n. 特征)that make him or her a boy or girl. The effect of this rapid change is that the young adolescent often becomes focused on his or her body.

  F Before adolescence, children’s thinking is dominated by a need to have a concrete example for any problem that they solve. Their thinking is constrained to what is real and physical. During adolescence, young people begin to recognize and understand abstractions. The adolescent must adjust to increased cognitive (adj. 认知的)demands at school. Adults see high school in part as a place where adolescents prepare for adult roles and responsibilities and in part as preparatory for further education. School curricula are frequently dominated by inclusion of more abstract, demanding material, regardless of whether the adolescents have achieved formal thought. Since not all adolescents make the intellectual transition at the same rate, demands for abstract thinking prior to achievement of that ability may be frustrating.

  G During adolescence, as teens develop increasingly complex knowledge systems and a sense of self, they also adopt an integrated set of values and orals (n. 道德). During the early stages of moral development, parents provide their child ith a structured set of rules of what is right and wrong, what is acceptable and unacceptable. Eventually the adolescent must assess the parents’ values as they come into conflict (n. 冲突)with values expressed by peers and other segments of society. To reconcile differences, the adolescent restructures those beliefs into a personal ideology.

  H The adolescent must develop expanded verbal skills. As adolescents mature ntellectually, as they face increased school demands, and as they prepare or adult roles, they must develop new verbal skills to accommodate more omplex (adj. 复杂的)concepts and tasks. Their limited language of childhood is no longer adequate (adj.足够的). Adolescents may appear less competent because of their inability to express themselves meaningfully.

  I The adolescent must establish emotional (adj. 情感的) and psychological ndependence from his or her parents. Childhood is marked by strong dependence on one’s parents. Adolescents may yearn to keep that safe, secure, supportive, dependent relationship. Yet, to be an adult implies a sense of independence, of autonomy, of being one’s own person. Adolescents may vacillate between their desire for dependence and their need to be independent. In an attempt to assert their need for independence and individuality, adolescents may respond with what appears to be hostility and lack (n. 缺乏) of cooperation.

  J Adolescents do not progress through these multiple developmental tasks separately. At any given time, adolescents may be dealing with several. Further, the centrality of specific developmental tasks varies with early, middle, and late periods of the transition. You should spend about 20 minutes on question 1-13, which are based on reading passage 1 on the following pages.

  参考答案:

  1-5. B B A A C

  6-10. B E C A D

  11-13. FALSE、TRUE、TRUE

  Passage 2: 蜜蜂和花

  题型:填空+主旨单选

  参考文章及答案待补充

  Passage 3: 传统的历史教学和多媒体历史教学的冲突

  题型: 段落信息匹配8+判断5

  参考文章及答案待补充

  考试预测

  1. 2019年10月第三场考试,难度偏高,尤其以第三篇为主。报了10月26号考试的同学,可能会碰到LOH和段匹同时出现的情况,但是题数相对不会太高。基础题型的数量会增加(填空),分类匹配基本不会再考,但是有选项的summary选择题一定要重视重视再重视。建议备考同学这周将剑雅真题中的该题型挑出来集中练习。LOH则要重点强调,我们不是要自己归纳段落大意来选标题,而是在段落中寻找中心句,并在标题列表中找到它们的同义替换以确定答案。另外,填空题使用关键词定位的同时,也要掌握理解定位,逻辑关系定位,和常见同义替换的复习。

  2. 下场考试的话题可能有关历史类,科学类,生物类。

  3. 重点浏览2012-2019年机经。

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